The BMP-2 (Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty) is a second-generation, amphibious infantry fighting vehicle introduced in the 1980s in the Soviet Union, following on from the BMP-1 of the 1960s.
About this creation
Following the success of the BMP-1, in the early 1970's work began on an improved version of the BMP-1, the BMP-2. The primary change was in the substitution of a new 2A42 30mm autocannon for the 2A28 low-pressure gun and the substitution of the 9M66 (AT-5 Spandrel) missile-launcher for the Malyutka/Fagot types.
Based around Daniel Siskend's BMP-2
The main advantages offered by the 30mm gun were far better range (2,000-4,000m), which made fire support of the lead tanks more practical. Although the 30mm gun cannot penetrate the frontal armor of a MBT, the weapon is highly effective against the profusion of light armored vehicles on the battlefield, including IFVs and APCs. The 2A42 is fitted in a high-elevation mount with reasonably fast turret-traverse, offering a measure of anti-helicopter capability
The BMP-2 also incorporates a 2-man turret in place of the BMP-1's 1-man turret. This has shifted the squad commander from behind the driver, into the turret. This was because on the BMP-1, the squad commander's infra-red searchlight obstructed the BMP-1's armament, forcing the gun to be elevated when traversing over the commander's position, thus creating a dead zone of fire.
In configuration and features, the BMP-2 is similar to the US M2 Bradley and the British MCV-80. By comparison with the Bradley, the BMP-2 is less heavily armored, though either vehicle can penetrate the armor of the other at a range of 2,000m. Squad size is similar as well, although the Bradley is roomier and can carry more ammunition, stores and missiles. The Bradley also has better turret stabilization and night-fighting capabilities, having FLIR thermal night sights instead of the image intensification sight used by the BMP-2. The BMP-2 however, is significantly cheaper and easier to produce than the Bradley, keeping with the old Soviet adage of "quantity over quality."
Weight - 14.3 tons
Length - 6.7 meters
Width - 3.15 meters
Height - 2.45 meters
Crew - 3 (+7 passengers)
Armor - 33 millimetres (max)
Main armament - 30 mm automatic cannon 2A42, 9M113 Konkurs ATGM
Secondary armament - 7.62 mm PKTM
Engine - diesel UTD-20/3 w/300 hp
Range - 600 km
Speed - 65 km/h (road), 45 km/h (off-road), 7 km/h (water)