Indigenous Australians are the original inhabitants of the Australian continent and nearby islands. The term "Aboriginal" is traditionally applied to only the indigenous inhabitants of mainland Australia.
Aboriginal people mainly lived as hunter-gatherers, hunting and foraging for food from the land. Although Aboriginal society was generally mobile, or semi-nomadic, moving due to the changing food availability found across different areas as seasons changed, the mode of life and material cultures varied greatly from region to region, and there were permanent settlementsand agriculture in some areas.
For Aboriginal Australians, the land is a living entity, and the relationship with the land and nature encompasses all that exists for living in this world. The whole earth is sacred and nature is the source of teaching all that is needed to be known about living.
Aboriginal art has existed for thousands of years and ranges from ancient rock art to modern watercolour landscapes. Aboriginal music has developed a number of unique instruments.
Dot painting consists of various paint colours like yellow (the sun), brown (the soil), red (desert sand) and white (the clouds and the sky). These are traditional Aboriginal colours. Dot paintings can be painted on anything though in aboriginal times they used to paint dot pictures on rocks, caves etc.