World Financial Center, New York City . This model consists of approximately 22,000 pieces. . This is my sixth custom skyscraper model and my eighteenth overall. The World Financial Center is an eight million square foot, four-building complex located in the financial district of lower Manhattan. The entire complex was built between 1985 and 1988 as part of the development of Battery Park City. The whole project was built upon landfill, consisting mostly of dirt excavated from the construction site of the original World Trade Center complex, which is actually located just across West St. from the World Financial Center. The post-modern style complex, designed by architect CÚsar Pelli, hosts a myriad of notable tenants including Dow Jones & Co., Merrill Lynch, American Express, and Deloitte and Touche.
This is my sixth New York skyscraper model and is also, by far, my largest to date. Realizing the form of this model has taken years of thought and months of extensive technique development. Due to the fact that each building has three distinct fašade transitions, none of which I had previously designed anything similar to, I was forced to come up with all-new techniques for the entire project. I am very pleased with how the final product has turned out after about six months of design time, more than two weeks of building, and an overall ten months to complete. Model completed May 8, 2012.
More photos on Brickshelf
Construction photos here
See this model alongside Spencer Rezkalla's World Trade Center & 9/11 Memorial here
The World Financial Center features a large outdoor plaza area that is used for many different recreational purposes such as hosting concerts and a variety of outdoor cooking during the summer. It also includes the North Cove Yacht Harbor which provides easy access to the complex from the Hudson River.
The ten-story glass atrium known as the Winter Garden is a well-known compliment to the complex. It houses a display of various trees and plants as well as multiple retail outlets. As a result of the events on 9/11, the Winter Garden was critically damaged and required $50 million to replace the the 2,000 panes of glass that were blown out by dust from the collapse of the Twin Towers, 60,000 square feet of marble flooring and stairs, and sixteen Washington robusta palm trees. Upon reopening on September 11, 2002, the Winter Garden became the first major structure to be fully restored after the attacks.
A small park sits adjacent to the main entrance of Two World Financial Center.
Two octagonal access halls border Liberty St. Both are connected by an access bridge that spans the street. Each one also features identical copper HVAC exhaust vents on their rooftops. These sections presented a unique challenge when designing the model. The octagon shape was accomplished using a column of ten 2x2 plate with octagonal bar frame held together via technic axle. The fašade was then put into place using 1x1 plate with horizontal clip for the lower dark bluish-gray portion, and 1x1 tile with clip for the upper tan portion. The 1x2 cheese slopes proved invaluable for sealing the angle interfaces.
One World Financial Center sits on separate cross-streets from the rest of the complex. Its white pedestrian bridge spans West St. to the future site of Liberty Park.
One of my favorite aspects of this model is the depth of looking down the accompanying West St corridor.
This glass structure is the newly completed Brookfield's Heart of Glass. Completed in 2013, it provides access, via underground tunnel, to the Transportation Hub at the World Trade Center. There is also a more recent plan to strip the lower portion of the fašades, at the base of Three World Financial Center, and replace it with glass panels, allowing visibility into planned multi-level retail shops along West St.
The entrance between buildings three and four. Inside is a large food court area topped by pyramid-shaped skylights.
A view from the northwest corner of the complex. Each building features three distinct fašade variations, each going from more spandrel and less window, to less spandrel and more window. The lower portion was modeled using the backsides of more than 2,000 tan headlight bricks. The middle portion was the most difficult to design and build. There are columns of plates, representing the windows and horizontal spandrel, sandwiched between SNOT tiles, representing the vertical spandrel. Holding this portion together on the inside, is a dizzying array of bars, clips, and tiles. The final portion was simply done in all trans-dark blue, except for the corner panels which are in blue due to the non-existence of that element in trans-dark blue.
A final view from what would be the Hudson River.